Biosocial Theories and Criminology
Biosocial theories play a key role in the diagnosis and prevention of crime. Indeed, their use is fraught with labeling people and misdiagnoses. However, in any case, they have proven to be effective and are used everywhere. There are several reasons for this: for example, it is worth noting that biosocial nature is one of the main features of any human being. Therefore, both the biological and social traits of an individual should be taken into account for any deviations and characteristics. It is also necessary to understand that at present a large percentage of the population has mental disabilities, even if they are small. Their understanding and timely control can help not only in the investigation of crimes. A deep knowledge of these mental features can be useful for prevention and treatment programs. Knowing how to deal with a certain disease is a key factor for the success of any rehabilitation of criminals.
An important area of biosocial theories is addiction and crime associated with it. In the criminal justice system, addiction is often considered a crime, not a disease. Indeed, to obtain drugs, people need to make a conscious choice. This entails a significant number of illegal actions, for example, finding a dealer and possession of drugs. In addition, by continuing to succumb to addiction, people cease to control their actions. As a result, they are capable of various crimes, since they cannot resist the urge to receive a new dose. Thus, a deliberate choice in favor of drugs can be called criminal. It leads to changes in a person’s consciousness, which only aggravates dependence and erases moral norms.