Crime and Punishment in Islamic Law
Shariah law is considered as the words of Allah from the holy book of the Quran and the Sunnah, which are the traditions of Muhammad. Now, as per Quran, Shariah is the pathway that is meant to be followed by adherents of Islam and hence is the right path. The very basis of this form of law is that of the religious platform of the Quran and hence in concept, can’t be changed or reinterpreted. The most glaring example of the rigidity of Shariah law is that of the divorce process which provides the male community an upper hand and most of the women must suffer the rejection. Also, women are supposed to wear hijabs in public and there is no concept of any marriage between a Muslim and a non-Muslim.
The medieval nature of the Shariah law has remained intact while the world and humans have moved to the modern age. The modern concepts of science have no acceptance in Shariah or Quran. As per Quran, Allah is the ultimate source of power and strength. He owns everything, this earth, the heaven. His knowledge is ultimate and is simply without any boundaries. His throne comprises the heavens and earth and his kingdom has no boundary. He is the protector of believers and takes them to the source of light from the darkness of shadows. He is everything. He is all-hearing, all-knowing. The idol worshippers are the nonbelievers and live in the darkness of ignorance and it’s God who can bring light to this ignorance.
It is he who guides rivers and fills the ocean. He loses the wind, and he has given its followers the authority to control the earth. He is the one to originate the creation out of heaven and sky and he further promotes it through wind, water, and soil. He stirs the clouds and spreads them for rain. He knows the unseen i.e., heaven and the earth. He is the source of knowledge, forgiveness, and mercy. The month of Ramadan is the holiest one with a full month of worship. The followers should fast during the daytime and are promoted o take meals only at the night. Not observing the stricture will only ascertain that the person is not following God’s rules and in a real sense betraying himself. The holy month purifies the body as well as the soul.
The characteristics of the law are that of closed nature and a change of religion by a Muslim is an act of crime. The centuries-over features of Shariah Law with direct reference to religious text clearly state that the law has not accepted the current reality of a truly plural, democratic, and globalized world. The developments that humans have made in the last few centuries are being considered separate entities with no impact on law and religion.