Freight Distribution and Its Geography
Logistics are made up of a very distinct geographical dimension, whose main character is in the form of flows, networks, and nodes. With the transformation of the space-time convergence concept of transport geography, as the need for improved methods of delivery and meeting customer demands has risen, the concept of logistics has really changed. For example, currently, organizations integrate concepts such as distribution in their logistics, a case that was contrary some few years ago. In terms of flows, the old traditional goods flow mode that included the flow of goods from manufacturers to wholesalers and or shippers, to retailers, and finally to the customer has undergone a tremendous transformation. Such changes have occurred due to many inadequacies that existed in these traditional forms of logistics, which included a lack of communication between consumers and producers and a lack of appropriate cost control mechanisms. Currently, organizations have adopted the reverse flows concept in their logistics as a mechanism of giving room for recycling and product returns. In addition, the geography includes the centralizing of storage in one facility instead of several, in a flow-and throughout oriented-oriented distribution center, instead of a warehouse holding cost-intensive large inventories.
In terms of nodes and locations, because of the new business approaches, most organizations concentrate their logistics functions in specific locations located in strategic positions. There is an improvement in the size of facilities, and their locations have particular regional and long-distance relations. Contrary to the previous old way of consolidating freight distribution in main manufacturing areas, presently, firms have ventured into maximizing the benefits associated with using main gateways and centers, mostly seaports, airports, and road intersections. When it comes to networks, the spatial structures represent the spatial structure of distribution. Networks are organized in a way that makes them large distribution centers to serve larger segments. In addition, the structural organization of networks is ordered in a way that they can fulfill the needs of integrated freight transport demands.