The Various Courts in the United States
A court is a governmental institution that is granted powers to arbitrate officially authorized arguments and allot administrative fairness while following the decrees provided by law. Different countries in the world have their own courts with varying types of rules practiced and implemented in the courts. Consequently, this paper will focus on the description of various courts in the United States with examples for each and further discuss the problems for prosecutors in the O.J. Simpson case of 1994 plus the solutions to assuage these problems.
To begin with, the United States has district courts. They are branded as trial courts for the federal court system. These courts have been granted the authority to listen to all the centralized cases. These courts listen to both criminal and civil cases. This is carried out within the limitations set by the legislative body and the constitution. In the United States, every state has at least one district court. In these courts, the judge usually resolves matters of edict whereas the jury establishes findings of fact. An example is the district court in the Virgin Islands that hears centralized cases.
The Supreme Court in the US is the uppermost judicial body that leads the centralized judiciary. It is made up the chief justice who works together with several other justices who are presidential nominees. This court is primarily an empowered court in reviewing judicial decisions but possesses unusual authority over a range of cases. The main judicial branch of a supreme court in the US is in the white house since this is where the Executive and Legislative branches are nominated by the people.
Bankruptcy Courts are basically separate divisions of the district courts. Cases handled by these courts cannot validly be handled by state courts. The laws in the Bankruptcy court aids individuals who are unable to recompense their creditors to have a clean beginning by settling the debts by means of liquidation of their assets or through the creation of plans of repayment. For instance: the bankruptcy court in the district of Arizona.