Toyota Production System: Today and Back in the ’80s
Toyota production is one of the most adored systems to have ever been developed in recent times. Developed by Toyota Motor Corporation in the mid-’70s, the system was lauded for producing excellent quality, minimal costs, and reduced lead times. It was premised on the principle of “Just in Time” production. It enabled quality improvements in operations in addition to free staff to attend to extra duties.
Generally, it is an integrated socio-technical production system based on the managed philosophies as well as practices of Toyota Motor Corporation. The relationship between clients and suppliers is considered in the systems planning of manufacturing processes and resources. Its underlying principle borrows from the Kaizen concept where continuous improvement is fundamental. Additionally, the systems were premised on respect and understanding amongst all the production stakeholders. This facilitated development of mutual trust. Teamwork is fundamental to the system as a means of stimulating personal and professional development through sharing of opportunities and maximizing team performance.
Various scholars have argued that the systems emphasize the importance of basing decisions on long-term goals at the expense of short-term plans and objectives. The system is founded on the belief that having the right process will yield the right results and likewise, a value within an organization is enhanced through nurturing its staff and stakeholders. Further, it asserts that the process of continuous process improvement and problem solution offers a good environment for continuous learning and innovation and hence organizational success.