What Was Woodrow Wilson’s Foreign Policy?
Wilson’s foreign policy is, first of all, famous for his interference in the political affairs of Mexico and Latin America, as well as his plan of neutrality maintenance during World War I and Fourteen Points Address.
Woodrow Wilson’s foreign policy in Mexico started with him imposing democratic elections. He claimed the ideas of Victoriano Huerta, a Mexican military officer who was the leader of a coup held in 1911, to be illegitimate. After the U.S. Navy occupied the city of Veracruz, Huerta had to leave the country.
After the outbreak of World War I, Woodrow Wilson’s foreign policy objective aimed at playing the role of mediator and remaining neutral, being “impartial in thought as well as in action”. However, numerous actions of Germany, such as an attack on the Lusitania liner, which killed around 130 Americans, unification with Mexico against the United States, increased the tension between the countries. Germany’s policy allowing to sink certain types of enemy ships without warning was the last drop for Wilson to cease maintaining neutrality and join the Allied Powers.
Almost a year later, in January 1918, he set out Fourteen Points Address, a peace treaty that suggested establishing stable relationships between the USA, Europe, and others. As a result, he had to deny thirteen of his points in favor of the League of Nations, which was the most valuable for Wilson. During the Versailles peace conference, Woodrow Wilson was an ambassador of America who aimed at establishing a community to prevent the beginning of a new war. Even though the treaty was dismissed, this event is supposed to be one of the most critical incidents of that period.